Dental Bridges – Benefits and Types
A missing tooth can have many adverse effects on your life. Not only does it spoil your beautiful smile it can also lead to problems in chewing and speech. Dental bridges are one of the most recommended procedures to treat gaps that result from one of more missing teeth. It is an affordable, time-tested and safe technique that is recommended by most dentists around the world. The bridges derive their name from the fact that they literally bridge the gap that has been created due to tooth loss. Over the years this procedure has undergone considerable change and modern bridges can last for many years and restore your beautiful smile. Dental bridges are made of a variety of materials that include silver or gold. However porcelain bridges have become very popular thanks to their aesthetic beauty.
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Benefits of Dental Bridges
- Looks & Smile – Loss of teeth often spoils your smile and with dental bridges your smile would be restored. In fact one or more missing teeth can alter the shape of your face. Bridges helps in maintaining the shape of your face and even enhancing your smile. A professional dentist would take into account your teeth and shape of your face before getting started with the procedure.
- Speech & Chewing – Dental bridges restore your ability to properly chew food. It can also correct speech problems resulting out of missing teeth. Missing tooth can affect adjacent teeth as adversely and require more force while eating. Bridges distribute the force of the bite properly.
- Protects Healthy Teeth – Dental bridges prevent your remaining teeth from drifting out of their proper alignment. Empty spaces in your mouth pose a great danger to your jawbone and can also lead to infections in the mouth and other life threatening diseases such as cancer. Bridges protect you against these and are a long term solution and these can last for about 10 years.
Types of Dental Bridges
When we talk about dental bridges they are of three different types of dental bridges that are suggested by scientists based on your requirements.
1. Traditional Bridges – As the name suggests this is the oldest and the most popular form of dental bridges that are used. This procedure involves creating two crowns that are used on either side of the missing teeth and require a pontic in between. Often the adjacent teeth need to be shaped to ensure a proper fit. These crowns are usually made porcelain fused together with metal or ceramics. Porcelain matches your tooth color and hence blends well with your natural teeth.
2. Cantilever Bridges – This procedure involves placing the crown one adjacent tooth much like a cantilever. This is usually used when there is just one adjacent tooth with respect to your missing teeth. This procedure isn’t very common and usually used in case of missing tooth at the back of your mouth. Here too the dental crowns are made of porcelain and match your natural teeth.
3. Maryland Bonded Bridges – This dental bridge procedure was developed by researchers in the University of Maryland and hence the name. It is also called a resin-bonded bridge. Here are a variety of materials are used in making these bridges and these include porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, or plastic. Here the bridge is supported by porcelain or a metal framework that offers it the strength. A dentist would also carefully bond the metal or porcelain wings on either side of your existing teeth.
Dental bridge procedure requires expertise and hence you need to consult an experience dental practitioner for thorough examination and other procedures.