It is not always necessary to consult a dentist only when you get a severe tooth ache or when plaque troubles you. You may also consult a dentist if you want to improve your smile. Cosmetic dentistry is a popular branch of dental medicine which allows people to get back their smile. A cosmetic dentist treats discolored, ill-shaped, chipped and/ or missing teeth. He can also close spaces between teeth, restore worn or short teeth, alter the length of the teeth, reshape them and even correct bite. There are two dental specialties which focus on cosmetic dentistry. They are – prosthodontics and orthodontics.
Cosmetic Dentistry San Diego
If you want to restore or replace a tooth, you have to visit a prosthodontists. Prosthodontics is the dental specialty which diagnoses, treats, rehabilitates and maintains the aesthetics of the mouth. A prosthodontists helps make your smile beautiful.
If you have teeth or jaws that are improperly positioned, you can get it corrected by an orthodontist. Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry which concerns itself with the correction of improper bites. Orthodontists are trained to treat crooked teeth and can help you if you are at high risk of losing tooth due to decay or periodontal disease.
Common Techniques Popular in Cosmetic Dentistry
One of the common reasons why people want to visit a dentist is because they have discolored teeth. Discolored teeth may be the result of excessive smoking, taking certain medicines or drinking too much tea and coffee. For whitening the teeth, a cosmetic dentist bleaches the teeth using chemicals.
If you have excess space between teeth or have chipped, stained, broken or cracked teeth, your dentist will suggest you to go for bonding. Small cavities are filled with bonding materials and exposed root are protected by these same material. Most commonly composite resins are directly applied on the affected tooth.
Veneers are custom shells normally made of porcelain that cover the sides of an affected teeth. Veneers are placed over teeth to change their color and shape. You can go for veneers if you have spaces between teeth, chipped or worn out tooth, teeth which are permanently stained or poorly shaped tooth. Veneers also help correct slightly crooked teeth.
Crowns can completely cover a tooth and helps restore to its normal shape. Cosmetic dentists recommend crowns if you want to cover a misshapen or discolored tooth, to restore worn or broken tooth, for protecting weak tooth or for covering a tooth with a large filling.
When you want to hide a missing tooth, you can get dental bridges. They replace the missing tooth with artificial ones. Bridges can be made of alloys, gold, porcelain etc. Bridges help to restore smile, helps in chewing and speaking, helps to maintain the shape of the face and prevents teeth from moving out of position.
Dental implants are considered expensive procedures but long-term solutions in cosmetic dentistry. Cosmetic dentists surgically implant components to support dental prosthesis. Implants are considered alternative treatment to bridges, dentures etc.
Restorative Materials Used For Dental Restorations
Amalgam –Amalgam is a metallic filling material made by mixing mercury and powered alloy.
Composite Resin –Composite resin is made by mixing plastic resin and powdered glass.
Glass Ionomer Cement –It is made by mixing glass and organic acid.
Gold – Gold is known for its excellent durability. It is used as a restorative material because it doesn’t wear and tear.
Porcelain –Porcelain are common restorative materials. They are also known as ceramic fillings.