Dental emergencies like all other medical emergencies aren’t desired and can often come without any prior warning. Any injury to the gums and the teeth shouldn’t be ignored. You need to take them seriously to prevent them from causing permanent damage to your teeth. However you need not panic in such situations and handle it patiently. Your pain and anxiety tends to multiply when you panic and often adopt wrong first-aid measures. In such circumstances you need to remain calm. Here is a quick guide to dealing with some of the common teeth and gum problems.
Dental Problems Guide San Diego
Tooth Ache - Rinse your mouth thoroughly with lukewarm water and salt. You can also gently use a dental floss to remove any food debris that may be aggregating the pain. If your mouth is swollen you can apply a cold press. Avoid putting a painkiller near the gums or the teeth as it would burn the nearby tissues.
Follow Up Care – See your dentist immediately
Lost Filling – In case of a lost filling you can stick a piece of sugarless gum into the cavity but make sure you avoid sugar-filled gum as that would result in pain. Apart from this you can also use over-the-counter dental cement. Avoid sticky food and chewing along the area where you have lost the filling to prevent further damage.
Follow Up Care – You need to consult your dentist without any further delay
Partially Dislodged Tooth – Rinse your mouth with lukewarm water and salt and apply a cold compress on your cheek for pain relief.
Follow Up Care – Visit your dentist immediately and make sure you follow all the aftercare instructions given to you.
Fully Dislodged Tooth – Retrieve the tooth and rinse your mouth with water. Next you should try inserting the teeth into the socket. Rinse off the root with water to remove the dirt but avoid scrubbing it as it would remove attached tissue fragments. Hold it by the crown and try inserting it into the socket keeping the right orientation in mind. Don’t force it, the roots may come off and cause injuries to the socket. You can carry it to the dentists and there are high chances of it being saved. Put the teeth in a container filled with milk or with water along with salt tablets.
Follow Up Care – Visit the dentist and follow all the aftercare instructions. Also consider tooth replacement if your real one cannot be saved.
Objects Between Teeth – If some objects get stuck between your teeth, rinse thoroughly with water to remove it. If this doesn’t help you can try using dental floss gently to remove the object. Don’t use a pin or any other pointed object as this can cause a major injury to your teeth and gums.
Follow Up Care – If these measures don’t help, go to the dentist who would remove it.
Gum/Cheek/Tongue Injuries– Rinse your mouth thoroughly with lukewarm water and salt. If there is bleeding you can use a gauge to contain it.
Follow Up Care – Rush to the dentist or any other emergency care if bleeding doesn’t and follow the aftercare instructions. Go for a review examination to ensure there are no infections.
Abscess – In case of an abscess you can use over the counter pain medications to reduce the pain. You should also rinse your mouth with warm salt water few times every day.